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Perfume And Fragrances : Time Line

1000

Invention of steam distillation by Avicenna.
1100

Invention of water-cooled condenser. (1150)
Discovery of alcohol - Rhases. (1150)
Perfumer's Charter granted by Phillipe Auguste. (1190)
1370

"Hungary Water" - the first known alcohol based perfume.
1450

Basil Valentine rediscovers alcohol, beginning the alcohol based perfume industry.
1630

Charles I of England imposes excise duty on soap, encouraging an increase in the use of perfumes.
1650

The Perfumers' charter renewed by Louis XIV, mandating a four year apprenticeship, plus three years companion-work before being admitted to the French Master Perfumers' Guild.
1760

Ets. Antoine Chiris founded in Grasse, France.
1790

4711 Echt Kolnisch Wasser, Muelhens. (1792)
Vacuum distillation and Fractional distillation invented.
House of Atkinson established.
1800

Benzaldehyde discovered in Bitter Almonds by Mortres.
Composition of Ethyl Alcohol established by Lavoisier & Saussure.
1810

Isolation of Vanillin from vanilla pods.
1820

House of Worth established.
Ethyl Alcohol synthesized by Hennel.
House of Guerlain established.

1830

House of Hermes established.
House of Proctor & Gamble established.
1846

Pond's Extract.
1850

Coumarin isolated from Tonka beans by Wohler.
1860

Coumarin synthesized by Perkin and Graebe.
Heliotropine synthesized by Fittig and Mielck.
1870

Vaseline, Chesebrough. (1870)
Colgate Toothpaste. (1873)
House of Roger et Gallet established.
Geraniol is isolated from Palmarosa Oil.
House of Shiseido established.
Vanillin is synthesized by Haarman and Tiemann.
Eugenol is isolated.
Phenylethyl alcohol is synthesized.
1880

Fougère Royale, Houbigant (1882)
First perfume to use synthetic chemical: coumarin
Mum Deodorant. (1888)
Jicky, Guerlain. (1889)
House of Beiersdorf & Co. established.
House of Lever Brothers established.
California Perfume Company founded. (Later to become Avon)
Menthol synthesized.
House of Johnson & Johnson established.
The Dow Chemical Company established.
"Musc Baur" is synthesized. (first Musk-like chemical)
Citronellol is synthesized.
1890

Citral is isolated from Lemongrass Oil.
The Cosmetic, Toiletry, and Fragrance Association founded.

1900

L'Origan, Coty. (1905)
The Monsanto Chemical Co. founded.
The Gillette Co. founded.
House of Caron established.
Gamma Undecalactone, C14 peach, is synthesized.
Muscone is isolated from natural Musk.
House of Max Factor established.
1910

Nivea Crème (1911)
House of Elizabeth Arden established.
House of Jean Patou established.
House of Myrurgia established.
1920

Chanel No 5. (1921)
House of Faberge established.
House of Bonne Bell established.
Parfums Weil established.
1930

Je Reviens, Worth. (1932)
Blue Grass, Arden. (1934)
Muguet des Bois, Coty. (1936)
Old Spice. (1937)
Schocking, Schiaparelli. (1937)
1940

Air-Wick. (1945) Vent Vert, Balmain. (1945)
Ma Griffe, Carven. (1946)
L'Air du Temps, Ricci. (1947)
Miss Dior, Dior. (1947)
Cabochard, Grès. (1949)
Parfums Robert Piquet founded.
Maison de Couture Grès established.
Estee Lauder Beauty Preparations founded.
Parfumerie Jean D'Albret-Orlane founded.
Parfums Carven established.
Parfums Jacques Griffe established.
American Society of Perfumers founded.
1950

Youth Dew, Lauder. (1952)
Wind Song, Matchabelli. (1953)
Intimate, Revlon. (1955)
Pino Silvestre, Vidal. (1955)
Diorissimo. (1956)
Vetiver, Carven. (1957)
Cabochard, Grès. (1959)
Tabac Original, Maurer & Wirtz. (1959)
Christian Dior founded.
Maison de Couture Givenchy established.
Martin and Synge awarded Nobel prize for invention of gas-liquid chromatography.
House of Alberto-Culver founded.
Lilial is developed.
Lyral is marketed.
1960

Mme. Rochas, Rochas. (1960)
Calèche, Hermes. (1961)
Y, Yves St. Laurent. (1964)
Monsieur Lanvin, Lavin. (1964)
Brut, Fabergé. (1964)
Habit Rouge, Guerlain. (1964)
Aramis, Aramis. (1965)
Fidji, Laroche. (1966)
Eau Sauvage, Dior. (1966)
Norell, Revlon. (1969)
Calandre, Paco Rabanne. (1969)
Oscar de la Renta founded.
Oleg Cassini founded.
House of Yves St. Laurent is founded.
House of Aramis established.
House of Parfums Paco Rabanne established.
1970

Chanel No 19, Chanel. (1970) Royal Copenhagen, Swank. (1970)
Alliage, Lauder. (1972)
Paco Rabanne Pour Homme, Paco Rabanne. (1973)
Charlie, Revlon. (1973)
Coriandre, Couturier. (1973)
Halston, Halston. (1975)
Chloé, Lagerfeld. (1975)
Grey Flannel, Geoffrey Beene. (1976)
Opium, Yves St Laurent. (1977)
Oscar, Oscar de la Renta. (1977)
White Linen, Lauder. (1978)
Lauren, Ralph Lauren. (1978)
Polo, Ralph Lauren. (1978)
Anais, Anais, Cacharel. (1979)
House of Crabtree & Evelyn established.
IFRA established.
House of Lagerfeld established.
1980

Giorgio, Giorgio Beverly Hills. (1981) Stetson, Coty. (1981)
Drakkar Noir, Guy Laroche. (1982)
Paris, Yves St Laurent. (1983)
Coco, Chanel. (1984)
Poison, Dior. (1985)
Obsession, Calvin Klein. (1985)
Beautiful, Lauder. (1986)
Calyx, Perscriptives. (1987)
Eternity, Calvin Klein. (1988)
Cool Water, Davidoff. (1988)
New West, Aramis. (1988)
Samsara, Guerlain. (1989)
International Federation of Aromatherapists formed.
Ralph Lauren established.
Calvin Klein established.
Christian La Croix established.
1990

Tresor, Lancome. (1990) Egoiste, Chanel. (1990)
Escape, Calvin Klein. (1991)
Dune, Dior. (1992)
Angel, Thierry Mugler. (1992)
L'eau D'Issey, Issey Miyake. (1992)
Gaultier,Jean Paul Gaultier. (1993)
Vanilla Fields, Coty. (1993)
CK One, Calvin Klein. (1994)
Pleasures, Lauder. (1995)
Tommy, Tommy Hilfiger. (1995)
Allure, Chanel. (1996)
Cool Water Women, Davidoff. (1996)
Happy, Clinique. (1997)
Romance, Ralph Lauren. (1998)
Good Life, Davidoff. (1998)
Allure for Men, Chanel. (1998)
Good Life for Women, Davidoff. (1999)
Donna Karan established.
Todd Oldham established.
Tom Ford established.
Dolce & Gabanna established.

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